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Published Clinical Studies

Annals of Plastic Surgery

A New Diagnostic Algorithm for Early Prediction of Vascular Compromise in 208 Microsurgical Flaps Using Tissue Oxygen Saturation Measurements.

Alex Keller, M.D.; Annals of Plastic Surgery, Volume 62, Number 5, May 2009: 538-543

Three-Year Experience Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy Tissue Oximetry Monitoring of Free Tissue Transfers.

Mathew H. Steele, M.D.; Annals of Plastic Surgery, Volume 66, Number 5, May 2011: 540-545.

An Analysis of Current Techniques Used for Intraoperative Flap Evaluation

Lohman, Robert F. MD, MBA, FACS; Ozturk, Cemile Nurdan MD; Ozturk, Can MD; Jayaprakash, Vijayvel MBBS, PhD; Djohan, Risal MD Annals of Plastic Surgery, October 1, 2015 | Volume Publish Ahead of Print


Does Increased Experience with Tissue Oximetry Monitoring in Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction Lead to Decreased Flap Loss? The Learning Effect

Pieter G. L. Koolen, M.D.,Christina R. Vargas, M.D.,Olivia A. Ho, M.D.,Ahmed M. S. Ibrahim,M.D.,Ph.D.,Joseph A. Ricci, M.D.,Adam M. Tobias, M.D.,Hay A. H. Winters, M.D.,Ph.D.,Samuel J. Lin, M.D., M.B.A.,Bernard T. Lee, M.D.,M.B.A., M.P.H.; Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Journal, Volume 137, Number 4, April 2016: 1093-1101.

Tissue Oximetry Monitoring in Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction Decreases Flap Loss and Improves Rate of Flap Salvage.

Samuel J. Lin, M.D., Minh-Doan Nguyen, M.D., Ph.D., Chen Chen, M.D., Salih Colakoglu, M.D., Michael S. Curtis, M.D., Adam M. Tobias, M.D., Bernard T. Lee, M.D.; Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Journal, Volume 127, Number 3, March 2011: 1080-1085.

Do Adjunctive Flap-Monitoring Technologies Impact Clinical Decision Making? An Analysis of Microsurgeon Preferences and Behavior by Body Region.

Justin L. Bellamy, M.D. Gerhard S. Mundinger,M.D. José M. Flores, M.P.H .Eric G. Wimmers, M.D. Georgia C. Yalanis, M.Sc. Eduardo D. Rodriguez,M.D., D.D.S. Justin M. Sacks, M.D. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery: March 2015 – Volume 135 – Issue 3 – p 883-892 Reconstructive: Trunk: Special Topics

Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery

Cost Analysis of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Tissue Oximetry for Monitoring Autologous Free Tissue Breast Reconstruction.

Aaron Pelletier, M.D., Charles Y. Tseng, MD; Aaron T. Pelletier, MD; Shailesh Agarwal, M.D., Julie E. Park, M.D., David H. Song, M.D., M.B.A., F.A.C.S.; Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Volume 27, Number 8, July 2011: 487-493

A Prospective Analysis of Free Flap Monitoring Techniques: Physical Examination, External Doppler, Implantable Doppler, and Tissue Oximetry.

Robert F. Lohman, M.D., Claude-Jean Langevin, M.D., Mehmet Bozkurt, M.D., Neilendu Kundu, M.D., Risal Djohan, M.D., Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Volume 29, Number 1, November 2012: 051-056.

Predicting Skin Flap Viability Using a New Intraoperative Tissue Oximetry Sensor: A Feasibility Study in Pigs.

Robert F. Lohman, M.D., M.B.A., F.A.C.S., Cemile Nurdan Ozturk, M.D., Risal Djohan, M.D., Hamilton Roger Tang, Ph.D., Hui Chen, Ph.D., Kate L. Bechtel, Ph.D.; Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Volume 30, April 21, 2014: 405–412.

Clinics in Plastic Surgery

Noninvasive Tissue Oximetry.

Alex Keller, M.D.; Clinics in Plastic Surgery, Volume 38, April 2011: 313–324.

Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Autologous Breast Reconstruction.

Amy S. Colwell, M.D., Randall O. Craft, M.D. Clinics in Plastic Surgery, Volume 38, April 2011: 301–307.

PRS Global Open (Publication of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons)

Mechanical Leeching with Venocutaneous Fistula and Monitoring with Near-infrared Spectroscopy.

Jonathan Bank, M.D., Maureen Beederman, B.A., Alison M. Shore, M.D., David H. Song, M.D., M.B.A., F.A.C.S.; PRS Global Open, October 18, 2013: 1-4.

Expert Reviews Medical Devices (

A Review of Devices Used in the Monitoring of Microvascular Free Tissue Transfers.

Albert H Chao, M.D., Joseph Meyerson, M.D., Stephen P Povoski, M.D., Ergun Kocak, M.D.; Expert Reviews Medical Devices, 10(5), 2013: 1–12.

Microsurgery (Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

Variables Affecting Postoperative Tissue Perfusion Monitoring in Free Flap Breast Reconstruction.

Cemile Nurdan Ozturk, M.D., Can Ozturk, M.D., Wayne Ledinh, M.D., Mehmet Bozkurt, M.D., Graham Schwarz, M.D., Colin O’Rourke, M.S., Risal Djohan, M.D.; Microsurgery, 2014: 1-6.

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